Mining in the engineering discipline is the extraction of minerals from underneath, above or on the ground. Mining engineering is associated with many other disciplines, such as mineral processing, exploration, excavation, geology, and metallurgygeotechnical engineering and surveying.

A mining engineer may manage any phase of mining operations, from exploration and discovery of the mineral resources, through feasibility study, mine design, development of plans, production and operations to mine closure.

With the process of Mineral extraction, some amount of waste and uneconomic material are generated which are the primary source of pollution in the vicinity of mines. Mining activities by their nature cause a disturbance of the natural environment in and around which the minerals are located. 

Mining engineers must therefore be concerned not only with the production and processing of mineral commodities, but also with the mitigation of damage to the environment both during and after mining as a result of the change in the mining area. Such Industries go through stringent laws to control the pollution and damage caused to the environment and are periodically governed by the concerned departments.

They worked in an established mine may work as an engineer for operations improvement, further mineral exploration, and operation capitalization by determining where in the mine to add equipment and personnel. The engineer may also work in supervision and management, or as an equipment and mineral salesperson. In addition to engineering and operations, the mining engineer may work as an environmental, health and safety manager or design engineer.

The act of mining required different methods of extraction depending on the mineralogygeology, and location of the resources. Characteristics such as mineral hardness, the mineral stratification, and access to that mineral will determine the method of extraction.

Generally, mining is either done from the surface or underground. Mining can also occur with both surface and underground operations taking place on the same reserve. Mining activity varies as to what method is employed to remove the mineral.


  • Candidates must have passed 10+2 from a recognised institution in science stream with PCM (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) as major subjects.
  • Candidates must have a minimum of 50% marks in 10+2 or equivalent (relaxation rules apply for different categories and varies from college to college).
  • A valid scorecard of any of the above entrance exam is also to be produced by the candidates with the required passing score or cut-off marks.
  • For Diploma Course in Mining Engineering, candidates should at least have a passing certificate of 10th boards form a recognised institution

What do they do? 

  • assessing the feasibility and the potential for commercial benefit of new sites
  • ascertaining extraction risks
  • producing models or plans for possible mining sites
  • planning and implementing extraction systems
  • using specialist computer applications to maximise planning and production
  • monitoring and evaluating underground performance
  • managing construction projects
  • ensuring that operations comply with health and safety requirements
  • making sure that the equipment used is safe
  • managing budgets
  • training and supervising staff
  • liaising with and advising managerial and technical staff
  • analysing data
  • keeping records
  • costing and organising supplies.

Key Skills

  • confidence
  • problem-solving and analytical skills
  • organisation and efficiency
  • independence
  • strong technical skills
  • teamworking skills
  • managerial and interpersonal skills
  • IT skills.

Career Growth

Level I: Junior Mining Engineer 

Level 2: Mine Planning Engineer

Level 3: Senior Mining Engineer 

Level 4: Mine Supervisor  

Level 5: Resident Manager 

  • Mining Engineering Technician: Closely associated with the mining team, these engineers work for different processes including preparation, development, operation segmentation, exploration, and maintenance of the mines.
  • Mine Planner: Mine planner plans and determines the best ways to dig out minerals from beneath the earth without hampering the surrounding areas.
  • Mineral Explorer: These professionals are responsible for determining the availability, quantity and quality of minerals deposited. They also assess the area and then pass the statement to start the mining process.
  • General Manager Mines: They look after the overall managerial responsibilities at the time of mining and at during the planning process.
  • Technical Consultant: Commonly known as Mining Consultants, they are involved in the process of advanced data mining related works. They take decisions considering the database and analyzing information stored for the mining process and mining areas.
  • Research Engineer: A research engineer is responsible for conducting researches on the quality, quantity and value of the minerals that can and have been extracted. They analyze the process and conduct experiments for the minerals and mining areas.
  • Drilling Engineer: These people are responsible for determining costs, planning the excavation process, and developing and supervising the drilling operations.
  • Mineral Processing Engineer: They perform the function of separating minerals in the form of concentrates from the extracted ore in the mining process. Their main work is to segregate metallic and non-metallic matter from the ore to generate profitable minerals. 

Top recruiters

  • Coal India Limited 
  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation
  • Indian Oil Corporation
  • Reliance Industries Limited
  • National Aluminium Corporation.
  • Tecnimont ICB Pvt Ltd.
  • Bharat Gold Mines Ltd.
  • Hindustan Zinc Ltd
  • National Mineral Development Corporation India
  • National Aluminium Company Ltd
  • Hindalco
  • McKinsey & Company
  • Kudremukh Ltd.
  • Hindustan Copper
  • Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited
  • Bharat Aluminium Company (BALCO)
  • Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation Ltd
  • Vedanta