Biomedical Engineers apply engineering principles and technology to healthcare. This can include researching, designing and developing medical products, designing or modifying equipment for clients, or managing the use of clinical equipment in hospitals and the community. 

Some bioengineers design innovative tools and devices (such as prosthetics and imaging machines) to aid medical care, while others work to improve the processes of health care delivery (through new drug therapies, for example). Bioengineers also study signals generated by organs such as the heart and brain in order to understand how the body functions and how biological systems work. Many build artificial organs, limbs, and valves to replace failing tissues. Bioengineers are involved in rehabilitation by improving the designs of therapeutic devices to increase performance. Bioengineering is the practice of solving problems in the life sciences using an engineering approach. The design and production of medical devices instruments engineered specifically to solve medical problems go back thousands of years. This includes prosthetic devices, designed to replace missing body parts.

Bioengineers also design agricultural machinery, equipment, and processes to feed the hungry and ensure modern, sustainable agricultural practices. They develop solutions to environmental problems and help us fuel the world through innovations in industrial manufacturing/energy. 


  • Candidate must have passed the 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized state or central board with at least 50% (40% to 45% for reserved category candidates) of the marks with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics/Biology as the major subjects of study. 
  • He/she shall not be having any Supplementary or compartment in any of the subject/Subjects at 10+2 or equivalent level that is yet to be cleared at the time of taking admissions.
  • Apart from the above-mentioned eligibility criteria’s various colleges and institutes may have their own additional criteria’s which the students would have to satisfy in order to take admission.

What do they do? 

  • Design biomedical equipment and devices, such as artificial internal organs, replacements for body parts, and machines for diagnosing medical problems
  • Install, adjust, maintain, repair, or provide technical support for biomedical equipment
  • Evaluate the safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of biomedical equipment
  • Train clinicians and other personnel on the proper use of biomedical equipment
  • Research the engineering aspects of the biological systems of humans and animals with life scientists, chemists, and medical scientists
  • Prepare procedures, write technical reports, publish research papers, and make recommendations based on their research findings
  • Present research findings to scientists, nonscientist executives, clinicians, hospital management, engineers, other colleagues, and the public

Biomedical engineers design instruments, devices, and software used in healthcare; develop new procedures using knowledge from many technical sources; or conduct research needed to solve clinical problems. They frequently work in research and development or quality assurance.

Biomedical engineers design electrical circuits, software to run medical equipment, or computer simulations to test new drug therapies. In addition, they design and build artificial body parts, such as hip and knee joints. In some cases, they develop the materials needed to make the replacement body parts. They also design rehabilitative exercise equipment.

The work of these engineers spans many professional fields. For example, although their expertise is based in engineering and biology, they often design computer software to run complicated instruments, such as three-dimensional x-ray machines. Alternatively, many of these engineers use their knowledge of chemistry and biology to develop new drug therapies. Others draw heavily on math and statistics to build models to understand the signals transmitted by the brain or heart. Some may be involved in sales.

Key Skills

  • designing, testing and implementing new medical procedures, such as computer-aided surgery and tissue engineering
  • designing, developing, testing and modifying products, equipment and devices
  • liaising with medical, engineering and scientific staff
  • training staff to use equipment safely
  • maintaining equipment
  • writing reports and documentation
  • Undertaking relevant research.

The skillset will change if you start working as a programmer knowing varied program languages like C, Python, Java, etc., and become a bioinformatics engineer. Or in research centres as junior research fellows working on some project or two, and so on.

 Career Growth

Top recruiters

  • Smiths Medical
  • Skanray HealthCare
  • Zimmer Biomet
  • Toshiba Medical Systems
  • Olympus Medical
  • Karl Storz
  • Allengers Medical Systems
  • Abbott
  • KLS Martin
  • CareFusion
  • Roche Diagnostics
  • Weinmann Medical Technology
  • Hamilton Medical
  • Wipto GE Medical System/Wipro BioMedical
  • L & T HealthCare
  • Recorders & Medicare Systems
  • BPL HealthCare
  • Electrocare System & Services Pvt. Ltd
  • Instromedix Pvt. Ltd.
  • P.K.Morgan (India) Pvt.Ltd.
  • Biomedics
  • ALLERGAN (Surgical) India Ltd.
  • Perfect Link Medical Ltd.
  • Carl Zeiss India Pte. Ltd.
  • Micro-Lab System
  • Nicholas Piramal India